Prof. Dr. Yogendra Yadav
Senior Gandhian Scholar, Professor, Editor and Linguist
Gandhi International Study and Research Institute, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India
Contact No. – 09404955338, 09415777229
Mailing Address- C- 29, Swaraj Nagar, Panki, Kanpur- 208020, Uttar Pradesh, India
We are habituated to pass resolutions without acting on them – Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi declared to oppose Simon Commission. He went to every part of India for aware to the people. He reached Hardoi, one of the famous district of Uttar Pradesh on dated 11 October, 1929 and spoke at Political Conference that “We are habituated to pass resolutions without acting on them. I advise you to give up this mentality. This is one main obstacle in our path of progress. Had we fulfilled our promises of 1921, we should have attained swaraj long before. Another occasion is approaching on the people of this province as it is your province which has given the President of the next Congress. The responsibility is all the greater on the youth. Pandit Jawaharlal belongs to your province. At the same time, he is a youth. If you want to preserve your prestige and his too, you have to act as you say. You have already passed a resolution on untouchability. I hope you will pass similar resolutions on Hindu-Muslim unity and boycott of foreign cloth, which is possible only if you use khaddar. If you pass these resolutions, you have to abide by them. I hope and pray that you be prepared for the great struggle before us. 1
Next day Mahatma Gandhi spoke on subject Khaddar and Untouchability: Duty of Indian Municipalities on behalf of this question “What can Indian municipalities do in the matter of khaddar and untouchability?
Mahatma Gandhi spoke:
In the matter of untouchability a municipality can help…
But this untouchability will soon be a thing of past. Hindu society has become conscious of the hideous wrong done to man by this sinful doctrine. Hundreds of Hindu workers are devoting themselves to the uplift of these suppressed classes. Among them may be named late Swami Shraddhanandji and the late Lala Lajpat Rai. These, however, may not be regarded as orthodox. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviyaji, who is accepted by all Hindus as an orthodox Hindu, has thrown in the weight of his great influence on the side of reform. Everywhere one sees the process of emancipation silently but surely and steadily going on. The so called higher-class Hindus are conducting schools and building hostels for them, giving them medical relief and serving them in a variety of ways. The effort is absolutely independent of the Government and is part of the process of purification that Hinduism is undergoing. Lastly, the Indian National Congress adopted removal of untouchability as a vital part of its constructive programmed in 1920. It may not be superfluous to add that while untouchability is undoubtedly a grave social wrong, it has no legal sanction behind it. So far as I am aware, there is no legal disability against the ‘untouchables’.
The reformer has still a stiff task before him in having to convert the masses to his point of view. The masses give intellectual assent to the reformers’ plea, but are slow to grant equality in practice to their outcaste brethren. Nevertheless, untouchability is doomed, and Hinduism is saved. And, as I have indicated above, our municipalities can do much to bring about this salvation. 2
He honored in Regional High School and spoke to women also. He inaugurated Khadi Bhandar, Hardoi on same day.
Mahatma Gandhi wrote letters to Amal Hom – Editor of Kolkata Municipal Gadget, Fredrik Stuntmen – Austria, Hariji Govil – United State of America, Tag Vend Guard – Denmark, Eleanor M. Hug – Washington, USA, Hennery S. Salt – England, K. V. Swami – Parla khimedi, Edle Kaufman, C. Vijyaraghavachariyar – Selam, Chhaganlal Joshi – Ahmadabad.
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