We will be commemorating the 75th anniversary of the Quit India Movement on August 9. It was the last mass agitation before India became Independent on August 15, 1947. A day before i.e. on August 14 India was divided and a new nation Pakistan came into existence. On August 8, at Mumbai’s Gowalia Tank, Mahatma Gandhi gave a call for ‘Do or Die’ in his speech. The call for Quit India galvanized the people of the country. British imperialists arrested thousands of Indians. Gowalia Tank is now called August Kranti Maidan. The month of August is significant as far as India’s Independence is concerned. On August 1, 1920, non-cooperation movement against imperialist Britain was launched. It was in the background of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre and Rowlatt Act.
Mahatma Gandhi addressed the Congress session on August 8 and gave a call for ‘Do or Die’. He said, “There is a mantra, short one that I give you. You imprint it on your heart and let every breath of yours give an expression to it. The mantra is do or die.”
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