Mahatma Gandhi Community Forum



                                                                    By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM

There is light at the end of the tunnel. Both India and China see this light and admire its glow. Those who loved to hear the boom of their artillery guns have now chosen to smoke peace pipe again. Never mind doctor’s orders on making lungs tobacco-free, here it is a question of peace and prosperity of two neighbouring giants. Of course, there has been no major press conference on Panchsheel leading to Peace across the Himalayas but alert China watchers on the Indo-Gangetic plains and India watchers strolling on the Great Wall of China have managed to pick some straws in the wind. Gathering straws the scribes among the diplomats found a story of importance. Here it is.


   GUANGMING  RBAO  or the Guangming Daily carried this story on Sunday, 4 Nov 2012 that it is the view of top leadership in the government that the border dispute between two neighbouring countries, India and China, should be put on the backburner and negotiations for improving commerce between the two nations should continue. Indeed an improvement in mutual internarnational trade will benefit both the countries and eventually the People will reap the harvest. There is a tremendous emphasis on “People” in the Communist China. All policies are people oriented.  Recalling history of the present government that came to power after winning a civil war in which the Nationalist Party’s government headed by General Chiang Kai-Shek had lost and they fled to Formosa, now Taiwan, lock stock and barrel.

The first major decision that the new regime of the Communist Party of China under Chairman Mao Zedong took was to change the name of China from “ Republic of China” to “ Zhong Hua Renmin Gung He Guo”or the People’s Republic of China. Thereafter in all new policies of the new regime the emphasis was on the welfare and well-being of the People of China. The remnants of the Imperial China and their system of governance was completely overhauled. The present thrust for peace with India is a signal that there is a renewed surge in people orientation. Wars with neighbours are a costly proposition and retard the economic progress of both  belligerants. Hence there are now new feelers of bringing in lasting peace and eliminating pinpricks like minor aggression across the borders. Of course, India cannot lower her guards and sit idle just for feelers of peace. The change has to be seen on the ground and its nuances studied in depth before formulating a new policy of peaceful approach towards China.


The changing scenarios are both external and internal. The South China Sea has been a sea of turmoil where many countries on its periphery are involved. Japan too has laid a claim on the underwater riches of the South China Sea and has deployed its fledgling Navy from time to time. The Phillipines, Vietnam, Australia and India are there too in one role or the other. The USA, Global Policeman, has stationed 2,000 US Marines  in Australia. The number of troops so deployed is no deterrent but the message sent to China is loud and clear. USA wishes China to know that where there is a clash oil interest in the Asia-Pacific region, the USA will be there post haste to protect and defend the commercial and global interests of the free world.

America knows it very well that China is not like Saddam’s Iraq and would not collapse like a house of cards. Its Navy and Air Force are not modern like America’s, and yet a force to reckon with. At this point of time the world attention is focused on the Stealth Bomber that China has built but has not publicly displayed so far .Of course, it was the United States that was the first country to design, develop and deploy its stealth bomber.                                                                                                

In view of the foregoing China thought that it would be wise to effect a thaw in its relationship with India. As their relationship goes  from good to better, America may seek and find some kind of military relationship with India without violating the latter’s neutrality. India would not be overawed with the massive military of China, if America is around. At the same time India knows that China is an Asian neighbor and may mature into a friend indeed in due course of time.

Of course, Prime Minister of India, Narendra bhai Modi took the lead in thawing the relationship that was virtually frozen inwardly, by invitinf President Xi Jinping and the First Lady Mme Peng Liyuan to Gujarat first while commencing their State visit to Bharat. The leisurely walk of the two great leaders along the Sabarmati river and their informal chat sent ripples in the western world. Mme Peng Liyuan sang a Hindi movie song while watching folk artists perform won hearts and minds of millions of Indians.




All was not well with the Communist Party of China at the point of time when President Xi Jinping took over reins of his great country. THE OFFICIALDOM was BITTEN BY Mammon and the lure of lucre was too strong to resist. Many senior officials of the Party were detected and arrested on charges of accepting bribe. A former railway minister was not only charged with involvement in a case of major graft but also was found guilty of misdemeanor and acts and omissions unbecoming of a minister of the central  government of China. Many innocent lives were lost because he had cleared purchase of faulty rolling stock and other heavy machinery from foreign firms with dubious reputation. He was found guilty of graft and sacked unceremoniously.


BO XILAI – that is the name of the man who had a clout even in the highest echelon of the country. His wife, a former socialite, was equally influencial. She was found guilty of having her former business partner, a foreigner, killed to prevent him from spilling the beans and have Bo’s wife prosecuted. Bo Xilai misused his official position to provide governmental protection to his wife but failed. In the bargain he acquired a tag of being a fall guy. In a closed door meeting, the highest officials of the authority wielding Standing Committee decided to expel Bo Xilai and thus clear the way for his prosecution too for obstructing administration of justice.

At one time the rumour was so strong in Beijing that even the thenPresident of China, Hu Jintao was involved in many major cases of graft. However, it was just a figment of imagination of some sick minds.

In view of so many major cases of illegal gratification and even a case of murder accusing wife of Bo Xilai, it was thought that the Congress session for transfer of power from Hu Jintao to Xi Jinping who hheld the post of Vice-President until his elevation to the highest post in the ancient land might not be  as smooth as it used to be.

The new leadership might be distancing themselves from the outgoing leadership because their aids were involved in graft in one way or the other. Earlier it was rumoured that President Hu Jintao , after demiting the highest office may choose to continue as the head of the powerful Central Military Commission and thus keep the armed forces under his control. But that was not to be. President Xi Jinping is also the Head of the Military Commission that oversees the performance of and controls the armed forces of China, popularly known as the PLA or People’s Liberation Army and that includes the Navy, the Air Force and the Nuclear arsenal.

On 8 November 2012, the transfer of power from the old guard to the new and untainted younger leadership took  place in Beijing. It was more smooth than the western media had thought it to be. It augurs well for China and India both because the new leadership is a forward looking one that does not wish to get bogged down in petty regional squabbles. China shall go Global. India too shall go global under the dynamic leadership of its powerful Prime Minister, Narendra bhai Modi. The two great ancient civilizations love to travel together on road to Eternal Peace and profess that they would always smoke the Pipe of Peace.

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Comment by Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM on November 5, 2014 at 8:24


                    LIVE LIFE VEDIC WAY

                     By Brigadier Chitranjan Sawant,VSM

Sixteen Sansakars are prescribed for an embodied soul of a human being professing Vedic Dharm. The story of a human life begins with the Garbhadhan Sanskar when a sperm fertilises an egg and life process begins in the mother’s womb. Indeed right from there the education of the unborn fetus begins and goes on in a continuous process until the Antim Sanskar. Indeed the imprint of karmas of previous life on the soul of the unborn baby is also in the reckoning for shaping its personality. The thought process of parents make an impression on the soul of the baby in the womb and the story of Veer Abhimanyu learning the intricacies of a Chakravuah yudh bear testimony to it. The modern science of genetics supports it.


Right from the word Go, the education process commences as mentioned heretofore. The education of the new arrival in the family is handled by both the parents and an Acharya who make a team wherein the three complement each other. Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati has beautifully dealt with the subject in the second and third chapters of his magnum opus, the Satyarth Prakash. He quotes the Shatpath Brahman, a Vedic treatise on the Yajur Ved :


A person becomes knowledge personified when a team comprising mother, father and Guru take care of the personality development of an individual right from the beginning. How true it is!

The great socio-religious reformer of the 19th century India, Dayanand Saraswati, has spelt out what to teach, when to teach and where to teach. He has emphasized the importance of disabusing minds of men and women in the impressionable period of their lives of superstitious beliefs and imparting Vedic education in the form of mantras, Ved bhashya, Darshan shastras and grammar in the lead book, Panini’s Ashtadhyayi.

Of great importance is the process of exorcising the Evil so that a cleansed mind is receptive to the Noble ideas. It is after the Duritani Parasuv that a man’s mind is receptive to Bhadram Aasuv. Simply speaking it says; Banish the Evil and Imbibe the Noble.

No wonder the Ascetic Educationist wants to keep stories of Bhoots, Pretas etc at bay. When a person is dead and the soul is gone, he or she is of the Past or Bhootkal. A dead Guru is a Preta and his disciples who carry the body for cremation are Pretahars. There is no reason why a living person should be scared of the ones dead and gone. If the right type of education is not imparted FEAR sets in and stunts growth of an individual’s personality. The Vedic system of education makes an individual ABHAY or fearless and lets a well rounded personality be groomed and shaped to find its way in the present day world.

Mehar Chand Mahajan, an eminent leader of the Arya Samaj and the DAV College movement was a victim of a superstitious belief where a Jyotishi makes a Janma Patra and predicts a baby’s future. Young Mehar Chand was wrongly declared to be a bad omen for the rest of the family and exiled to another village to live life as a shepherd and a cowherd. However, there was another twist and turn in the family’s destiny when elder brother of young Mehar Chand expired at a young age. Perforce Mehar Chand was brought back to live in the outhouse and later dispatched to Lahore to keep his shadow away from the family. Mehar studied Law, came in touch with the Arya Samaj and that helped blow away superstitious beliefs in Janma Patra that Swami Dayanand calls a Shok Patra in his treatise, Satyarth Prakash.

Once banished from his parental home Mehar Chand Mahajan rose to be the Chief Justice of India and played a leading role in reorganizing Arya Samaj Anarkali in the post-partition era. But for the enlightenment caused by the Satyarth Prakash, the results would have been disastrous for all concerned.


The history recalls that with the founding of the Arya Samaj in 1875 in Bombay  , now Mumbai, 28 rules were formulated for guidance of Aryas who enrolled as members of the Arya Samaj. Later in 1877 at Lahore in the presence of Swami Dayanand Saraswati the Niyam and Upniyam were chiseled and handed down to us generation after generation as Ten Principles of the Arya Samaj. The great organization has inborn democracy where all Aryas are free to express their views for betterment of the human society in general. Allow me to mention that Swami Dayanand Saraswati was offered by members of the new organization, 100 in all, to be glorified as the Life President of the Arya Samaj. The democrat in the Swami declined the offer and encouraged members to elect their own President.

It is the ingrained democratic system that keeps the Aryan organization going unlike the Brahmo Samaj, the Prarthana Samaj and many more of the ilk that rose and fell sans any impact on the social order. The Ten Principles of the Arya Samaj lay an emphasis on the Enlightenment of the Human beings in general and frown upon fragmentation. The Mahant system of other religious outfits must never be allowed to take roots in the Arya Samaj because ill effects of such a system will shake the very foundation of the great edifice that survives on the teaching and propagation of the Vedas where all are equals.

Avidya ka nash aur Vidya ki vridh karni chahiye – this principle, or a commandment as some call it, must be followed both in letter and spirit. It will keep superstitions at sea and let Vedic concepts take roots in new and unknown domain. That indeed will be a tribute to our founder of the Arya Samaj. The DAV movement will indeed render yeoman’s service by propagating and publishing Vedic literature in both Hindi and English, beside regional and foreign languages, to carry the message of the Vedas as interpreted and enunciated by Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati.


The Vedic view is: Men and women are equals. There is no post, no aasan, no organization where an Arya Samaj woman member cannot head or guide. In acquiring knowledge or propagating the Vedic concept or performing the duties of an Acharya or a Purohit, be it a wedding or Vivah Sanskar or an Antim Sanskar, men and women are equally eligible.

Going back to the days of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, a student of history will find that darkness had overshadowed light. STRI SHUDRO NADHITAMIT SHRUTEH, so said many an Ignoramus in shastrarth to the great Vedic reformer, Dayanand Saraswati. The unflustered Rishivar told his detractors to show the said sentence in the Vedas. They failed to show as it did not exist. Now it was the turn of our Maharishi to counterattack with arrows of his Vedic knowledge and quote Ved Vakya verbatim to prove the equality of men and women in choosing life partners.


On completion of education in the Brhamacharya Ashram, a girl on attaining womanhood chooses her husband – so says this mantra from Atharvaved. The mantra proves the point that women had the same right to receive Vedic education as men had and the girls had the prerogative to select their life partners of their own free will. What more proof does one need to convince one and all about equal rights being enjoyed by both men and women in life and letters.

Indeed it will be in the fitness of things to let this Vedic system of social order not only continue but also be buttressed.

In the Chinese language this Vedic concept has been elucidated further. Frankly speaking, the Chinese social order has all along been male dominated. In thousands of years of the Chinese history, there was only one Empress who ruled a large country like China and the rest were all emperors. However, the thought process is slowly undergoing a change in our neighbouring country across the Himalayas. In an International Women’s Conference held in Beijing, an old saying was revived. It said that women were half of the heaven and, therefore, important enough to be listened to and their advice heeded. PAN TIAN- half of the sky comprises the fair sex. Ignoring them will be done at our own peril. I must however, confess that in my not infrequent visits to our giant neighbor, I found that it will indeed take some time before the concept of Pan Tian is put into practice in day to day life.

Be that as it may, our Indian young minds must understand once for all that superstitious beliefs must be given a decent funeral and Vedic concepts must be put into practice in our daily life. Let the Vedas prevail over misconceptions generation after generation. Indeed it will make our social order worth emulating by other countries situated far and wide and Bharat may attain the position of a VISHWA GURU.

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