My previous note on the subject was written out completely on the basis of the material displayed online by the Henry Ford Museum. This part of the note supplements it and corrects a few shortcomings which remained in the transcript of the typed copy of T. A. Raman's note of December 28, 1942.
What follows here is based on a book, ' Friends, Families, and Frays: Scenes from the Life and Times of Henry Ford', by Ford R. Bryan ( Richardson Bryan Ford ), Dearborn, Michigan: Ford Books, 2002, pp. 76-78; originally published in Ford Legend, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1998. This article is based on the archival material, available at the Benson Ford Research Center ( Accession 292, box 47, Henry Ford Office; now forming part of the Research Center's Archives.
Interestingly it reproduces Mahatma Gandhi's letter of April 16, 1942, addressed to Henry Ford in his ( Gandhi's ) own handwriting, even the address on the envelope is in Gandhi's handwriting. The place name, Sevagram, Wardha, C. P., is printed on the letterhead in Hindi ( Devanagari) and in English ( Roman script ); however, the same place name is written in Urdu script, presumably in someone's handwriting. The date is written as 16-4-42 in Gandhi's writing. The letter was sent by post to Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan, USA.
The text of the letter:
'' Dear Friend,
I am much
obliged for your
M K Gandhi '' ( signed )
[ Not available in
The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi ]
There is a classic photograph in the archives which show the presentation of the Gandhi spinning wheel on December 28, 1942, in the foyer of Henry Ford Museum. Mrs. T. A. Raman, T. A. Raman, Henry Ford, and his wife Clara Ford were present on the occasion.
The admiration of Gandhi by Ford has some roots in later's thinking. Ford was just not a businessman chasing the fortune blindly. He was in the 1940s attracted to pacifism of his own brand. There was something dissimilarly similar to the both in the context of Jews. This matter is complicated and we shall not deal it here.
Ford opposed the United States entering World War I, and even financed the ill-fated Peace Ship that carried a group of activists to Europe in 1915 in an attempt to work things out between the warring nations. In spite of the attack of Japanese on the American Docks Pearl Harbor, he was not willing to associate himself with the preparation of war. However, due to the persistent hardcore pressure of politics and business relations, he agreed to manufacture aeroplanes
We, after investigations, also found a book in Ford's Home Library, a single book on Mahatma Gandhi written by C. F. Andrews. Similarly, Gandhi also read at least a book by Henry Ford as he said in his diary of 1932. He seems to have read Henry's book My Life and Work on 23 April 1932.
Now regarding the corrections in my last post; since the image of T. A. Raman's note, December 28, 1942, was faint at ford museum's site the error occurred. Para 5 and 6 should be, therefore, corrected as follows:
He then asked me about Mr Ford's health, his activities and his views on a variety of international problems. he was particularly interested in dearborn village and the educational work being done there.[ not 'here' as erroneously copied, but ' THERE' ]
The spinning wheel, however, had to travel 12,000 miles through perilous submarine infested waters before it reached the U. S. All the way the blacked-out ship zigzagged [ Not 'black out', but 'BLACKED-OUT'; Not ' signangged', but ZIGZAGGED'].