Mahatma Gandhi Community Forum

Global Union of Gandhian Republics

Swachid K. Rangan

As a sequel to constituting India into a Gandhian Republic, a Global Union of Gandhian Republics will emerge. This will be a voluntary union of sovereign republics where the will of the people prevail over the will of despots who rule by inheritance or capture power by a sham democratic system.

The ultimate objective is to secure to all citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

It will be the duty of every citizen -
(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired national struggle for freedom;
(c) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of the world transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(d) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
(e) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(f to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.

A basic feature of Gandhian Republic is grass-root democracy where political parties have no role. It is named as Panchayat Raj or village self-government. The four-tier structure constitutes Gram Sabha (village assembly), District Panchayat (Council) State Assembly and National Parliament. There will be no direct elections to State assembly and Parliament. The heads of the governments on expiry of their term will have to go through the process of elections from the bottom level.

1. In Gandhian democratic process all the eligible voters in the village will constitute the Gram Sabha (village assembly) that will elect a ten-member Panchyat (Council). Nagar (town/city) sabhas will correspond to town or city wards and each will also elect its own Nagar Panchayat.
2. Panchyat members will elect a President who will also be a member of the District Councils. The District Councilss, comprising about 500 members each, in turn will elect seven members from among themselves to the State Assembly and one member to the Parliament. There will be no intermediary Panchayts.
3. With no direct elections to State Assembly or Parliament political parties will be kept out and the election procedure would be simple, clean and inexpensive.
4. Administrative powers will be decentralized and each district will have full autonomy. The Chair-person of the District Councils will function in tandem with the District Collector in the administration of the District.
5. Along with the Legislature, Executive, Judiciary and Free Press, an Election Commission and Vigilance Commission will constitute the pillars of Democracy.

6. In Gandhian Republic the economic policy will be holistic development of villages and equal distribution of wealth on the basis of ‘millionaires all, billionaires none’ Excess income and acquisition of wealth beyond the upper limit will be heavily taxed and scrutinized for legitimate source. Illegal acquisitions will be confiscated and the persons penalized heavily.

The conduct of elections at every stage will be the sole responsibility of the the Election Commission. The Vigilance Commission will be the watch dog of all political, administrative and judicial activity. Both the Commissions will have full autonomy and the necessary authority, manpower and equipment in the execution of their functions without any political interference. The investigating agencies both at the state and centre will come under the jurisdiction of the Vigilance Commission.

The foregoing passages are derived from the Indian Constitution. This can be adopted by different Nations to suit their own ethos. Let all the Gandhians around the world stand together on a solid platform and strive to realize the Gandhian Vision: A World without conflicts, Nations without borders and People committed to truth and nonviolence.

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