Language is key for success of a mission
Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, viewed language as a major tool to galvanize the people. A language which enables a leader to communicate with masses is very essential for the success of any movement. Gandhiji actually believed in a language of communication for the people of the country which was evolved from the soil of India and was amalgamation of Indian languages like- Sanskrit, Urdu, Braj, Awadhi, Maithali, Arabic and Farsi wards.
Main language of India, whether you call it Hindi, Hindustani, Rekhta Dehalwi or you call it by any other name, represents culture and age old traditions of India which has reflected in the poetry of legendry poets of Bhakti era- Tulasi, Sur, Mira, Raskhan and Vidyapati.
Expressing his views on importance of a langue, noted journalist and freedom fighter Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi had said that he would prefer to choose freedom of language instead of the freedom of the nation as freedom of language would eventually bring freedom of the nation.
Mahatma Gandhi always encouraged people to learn other languages besides learning one’s own language. He encouraged people from Hindi regions to learn at least one South Indian language and vice versa. He had set up Hindi Shikshan Sansthan in today’s Chennai, then Madras, which played a vital role in promotion of Indian languages.
Gandhiji was in favour of a simple language as India’s national language. He had said that English doesn’t deserve to become India’s national language. He said this after testing English on the following parameters-
1. People need a simple language
2. That language should have ability to connect people with their religion, polity and economy
3. A national language has to be simple and easy to understand
Gandhiji believed that simplicity has to be a salient feature of Hindi. He stressed on adopting Tadabhava words of Sanskrit in Hindi besides popular words of Arabic language, Farsi and other languages.
But, it does not mean that Gandhiji had any kind of hatred for English. He had said that one should interact with the people of other countries on global forums in English.
It is unfortunate that some people tried to divide Indian languages on communal and regional grounds. Some Hindu writers began to use difficult words of Sanskrit in Hindi and Muslim writers began to use more and more words from Farsi and Arabic languages. They tried to deform the beauty of the languages of Amir Khusro, Md Iqbal and Prem Chand. But Gandhiji was firm on his believe that Hindustani, the amalgamation of Hindi and Urdu, can be true national language for India.
Once Gandhiji had said: "Urdu diction is used by Muslims in writing. Hindi diction is used by Sanskrit Pundits. Hindustani is the sweet mingling of the two."
It is true. Without language we can not delivered our ideas. It is like key by which can open the lock of our thought.